WebRTC is an important step towards Universal IP-based Communications
It took us the entire 20th century to evolve PSTN technology and build an infrastructure that made phone lines available in virtually every home in the developed world.
In the mid-1980, the first cellular networks appeared, and it took only 25 years before cell phones reached near-universal coverage. As of 2014, more people have access to cell phones than to clean water.
As cell phones emerge towards universal coverage, use of the traditional PSTN is declining quickly. Today, more than 1/3 of the US households have dropped their phone landlines (2012 NHIS Survey), and rely on mobile phones and the Internet for all connectivity needs.
In the early 2000’s we saw the first consumer Internet communication applications (like Skype) become popular. Initially these tools were primarily used to make free phone calls when connecting with family from a computer, but we now see increasing use in business and mobile applications, with additional rich media capabilities (voice, video, chat, screen share).
So, over the next few years, we can anticipate that IP-based communications will eventually reach that point of universal coverage and, if patterns repeat, use of cellular phones for real-time communication (RTC) will decline after that. What is the role of WebRTC on this evolution?
For an extended discussion on this, and to access to online WebRTC Demos, please download the white paper “WebRTC and Universal Communications – A new era in Telecom”.